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Increased mortality in patients with RA-associated interstitial lung disease [...]

Pierre-Antoine Juge, Lidwine Wemeau, Sebastien Ottaviani, Guillaume Desjeux, Joe Zhuo, Virginie Vannier-Moreau, René-Marc Flipo, Bruno Crestani and Philippe Dieudé.

Original research article in RMD Open (December 2023).

Objectives Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a severe extra-articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The objectives of this study were to estimate mortality rate in patients with RA-ILD and identify factors affecting mortality.

Methods Data from a French national claims database (Système National des Données de Santé) from 2013 to 2018 were analysed. Adults with an RA diagnosis (International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 codes M05, M06.0, M06.8 and M06.9) were included. ILD diagnosis was defined with ICD-10 code J84. Mortality rates were compared between patients with RA with and without ILD, using Cox proportional hazards regression, after matching 1:1 for age, sex, age at RA-ILD onset and RA duration.

Results Among 173 132 patients with RA, 4330 (3%) also had ILD (RA-ILD). After matching, RA-ILD was associated with an increased mortality rate (HR 3.4, 95% CI 3.1 to 3.9). The HR for mortality was greater for: patients aged <75 years (HR 4.8, 95% CI 3.9 to 5.9) versus ≥75 years (HR 3.0, 95% CI 2.6 to 3.5); patients with ILD onset occurring before RA onset (HR 8.4, 95% CI 5.5 to 13.0) versus ILD onset occurring after RA onset (HR 2.9, 95% CI 2.6 to 3.3); and men (HR 5.2, 95% CI 4.4 to 6.2) versus women (HR 3.6, 95% CI 3.0 to 4.2).

Conclusion In this nationwide cohort study, RA-ILD was associated with increased mortality rate (vs in patients with RA without ILD), notably for those aged <75 years, those whose ILD preceded RA onset and men.

(publication) Juge P, Wemeau L, Ottaviani S, et al. Increased mortality in patients with RA-associated interstitial lung disease: data from a French administrative healthcare database.

RMD Open 2023;9:e003491. doi: 10.1136/rmdopen-2023-003491


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