Gossec, L., Desthieux, C., Cantagrel, A., Soubrier, M., Berthelot, J.M., Joubert, J.M., Combe, B., Czarlewski, W., Wendling, D., Dernis, E., Grange, L., Beauvais, C., Perdriger, A., Nataf, H., Dougados, M., Servy, H. (June 2017)
Background There has been growing emphasis on the importance of shared decision-making in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).1,2 Patient-physician (pt-phy) shared decision-making necessitates open and thorough discussions and good interactions.
Objectives This analysis explored pt-perceived quality levels of pt-phy interactions and characteristics of pts when these interactions are described as very good by pts.
Methods CarNET (NCT02200068) was a French, 12-month, multicentre randomised controlled trial to assess access to an e-health platform (Sanoïa) allowing self-assessment of disease.1,2 This was a post-hoc analysis, using baseline data only. Pts had confirmed RA and were enrolled by their treating rheumatologist. Pt-perceived pt-phy interactions were assessed through the pt-reported questionnaire Perceived Efficacy in Patient-Physician Interactions (PEPPI-5)3 which consists of 5 items, each starting with “How confident are you in your ability to ...” (eg. “... know what questions to ask a doctor?”). Pts rated each item on an 11-point scale; 0=not at all confident, 10=very confident. Total PEPPI-5 scores range from 0–50; higher scores represent higher perceived self-efficacy in pt-phy interactions. Factors associated with a higher PEPPI-5 (ie. >median) were analysed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression (factors included pt demographics, phy demographics, disease characteristics and activity including pt-perceived coping [scored 0–10 in the Rheumatoid Arthritis Impact of Disease (RAID) questionnaire; lower scores indicate better coping]).
Results Of 320 RA pts (159 vs 161; Sanoïa vs usual care), mean±SD age was 57.0±12.7 years, disease duration was 14.6±11.1 years and 253 (79.1%) were female. Mean DAS28 was 2.7±1.2, 54.1% were in DAS28 remission (<2.6); 216 (67.5%) were taking a biologic; 21.9% had previous therapeutic education sessions; 15.3% were members of pt associations; and 51.9% had followed university-level studies. The mean±SD PEPPI-5 score was 39.2±7.8 and the median was 40. In univariate analyses, associations with p<0.05 were observed between pt-perceived coping (p=0.0008), erosive disease (p=0.03) and DAS28 remission (p=0.05) and a high PEPPI-5; associations with p<0.2 were observed for older age (p=0.07) and HAQ-DI≤0.5 (p=0.12). In multivariate analyses, the only factor associated with high PEPPI-5 was pt-perceived coping (odds ratio [95% CI]=0.85 [0.76–0.96]; p=0.007).
Conclusions Among RA pts whose disease was well controlled, pt-perceived pt-phy interactions were good. Pt-perceived coping was associated with better pt-perceived pt-phy interactions, indicating that perhaps pts who felt in control were more at ease with their phy, or vice-versa. The data did not allow us to attribute causality. These elements are important in the shared decision-making process.
(publication) Gossec, L., Desthieux, C., Cantagrel, A., Soubrier, M., Berthelot, J.M., Joubert, J.M., Combe, B., Czarlewski, W., Wendling, D., Dernis, E., Grange, L., Beauvais, C., Perdriger, A., Nataf, H., Dougados, M., Servy, H. (June 2017). THU0589 Patient-perceived coping was associated with patient-perceived quality of patient-physician interactions in 320 patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 76(2), 428-429.